Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2


MERRA-2 Overview: The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2), Ronald Gelaro, et al., 2017, J. Clim., doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0758.1

The American Meteorological Society has a special collection of articles relevant to MERRA-2. This collection, coordinated by Mike Bosilovich, is available at

Tao, J., R. D. Koster, R. H. Reichle, B. A. Forman, Y. Xue, R. H. Chen, and M. Moghaddam, 2019. Permafrost Variability over the Northern Hemisphere Based on the MERRA-2 Reanalysis. Cryo., 13, 2087-2110. doi:10.5194/tc-13-2087-2019.

Draper, C., and R. H. Reichle, 2019. Assimilation of satellite soil moisture for improved atmospheric reanalyses. Mon. Wea. Rev, 147, 2163-2188. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-18-0393.1.

Draper, C. S., R. H. Reichle, and R. D. Koster, 2018. Assessment of MERRA-2 Land Surface Energy Flux Estimates. J Climate (MERRA-2 Special Collection), 31, 671-691. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0121.1.

Cullather, R. I., and S. M. J. Nowicki, 2018. Greenland Ice Sheet Surface Melt and Its Relation to Daily Atmospheric Condition. J. Cli, 31, 5, 1897-1919. DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0447.1.

Du, J., J. S. Kimball, R. H. Reichle, L. A. Jones, J. D. Watts, and Y. Kim, 2018. Global Satellite Retrievals of the Near-Surface Atmospheric Vapor Pressure Deficit from AMSR-E and AMSR2. Remote Sensing, 10, 1175. doi:10.3390/rs10081175.

Randles, C. A., A. da Silva, V. Buchard, P. R. Colarco, A. S. Darmenov, R. C. Govindaraju, A. Smirnov, R. A. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y.Shinozuka, and C. Flynn, 2017. The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980-onward, Part I: System Description and Data Assimilation Evaluation. J. Clim, 30, 6823-6850. DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0609.1.

Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. Mocko, 2017. Atmospheric Water Balance and Variability in the MERRA-2 Reanalysis. J. Clim, 30, 4, 1177-1196. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0338.1.

Reichle, R., Q. Liu, R. Koster, C. Draper, S. Mahanama, and G. Partyka, 2017. Land Surface Precipitation in MERRA-2. J. Clim, 30, 5, 1643-1664. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0570.1.

Buchard, V., C. A. Randles, A. da Silva,A. S. Darmenov, P. R. Colarco,R. C. Govindaraju, R. A. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, A. Beyersdorf, L. D. Ziemba, and H. Yu, 2017. The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980-onward, Part II: Evaluation and Case Studies. J. Clim, 30, 6851-6872. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0613.1.

Coy, L., P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, and L. R. Lait, 2017. Dynamics of the Disrupted 2015-2016 Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. J Clim, 30, 5661–5674. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0663.1.

Wargan, K., G. J. Labow, S. M. Frith, S. Pawson, N. J. Livesey, and G. S. Partyka, 2017. Evaluation of the Ozone Fields in NASA's MERRA-2 Reanalysis. J. Clim, 30, 2961–2988. DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0699.1.

Reichle, R. H., C. S. Draper, Q. Liu, M. Girotto, S. P. Mahanama, R. D. Koster, and G. De Lannoy, 2017. Assessment of MERRA-2 land surface hydrology estimates. J. Clim, 30, 8, 2937-2960. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0720.1.

Lim, Y.-K., R. M. Kovach, S. Pawson, and G. Vernieres, 2017. The 2015/2016 El Nino Event in Context of the MERRA-2 Reanalysis: A Comparison of the Tropical Pacific with 1982/1983 and 1997/1998. Journal of Climate, 30, 4819-4842. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0800.1.

Wargan, K., and L. Coy, 2016. Strengthening of the Tropopause Inversion Layer During the 2009 Sudden Stratospheric Warming: A MERRA-2 Study. J. Amtos. Sci, 73, 1871-1887. doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-15-0333.1.

Collow, A., and M. Miller, 2016. The Seasonal Cycle of the Radiation Budget and Cloud Radiative Effect in the Amazon Rainforest of Brazil. J. Clim, 29, 21, 7703-7722. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0089.1.

Collow, A., M. G. Bosilovich, and R. D. Koster, 2016. Large Scale Influences on Summertime Extreme Precipitation in the Northeastern United States. J. Hydrometeor, 17, 3045-3061. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-16-0091.1.

Coy, L., K. Wargan, A. M. Molod, W. R. McCarty, and S. Pawson, 2016. Structure and Dynamics of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in MERRA-2. J. Clim, 29, 5339-5354. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0809.1.

Robertson, F. R., M. G. Bosilovich and J. B. Roberts, 2016. Reconciling Land-Ocean Moisture Transport Variability in Reanalyses with P-ET in Observationally Driven Land Surface Model. J. Cli, 29, 23, 8625-8646. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0379.1.